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Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Psychological implications of alopecia in women helth tips

alopecia in women
Alopecia in women

Psychological implications of alopecia in women Society has not yet become accustomed to hairless women. Thus, many of them, in addition to dealing with a disease, must also do so with distasteful looks or an internal dialogue that crushes them from what they consider a defect. Alopecia in women

While in a man baldness is quite common - and relatively well accepted - in women, hair loss often creates a complex. Analyzing the canons of beauty that prevail in our society, we can easily understand the psychological consequences that Alopecia can generate in women.

Alopecia refers to temporary or permanent hair loss (moderate or severe). A hair loss is considered abnormal beyond a loss of 100 hairs a day. This aesthetic and psychological problem may also be the first sign of an underlying pathology.

On the other hand, hair loss can reach the entire scalp or only affect a well defined area. Affected women often have trouble seeking help. Shame, discomfort and low self-esteem come into play.

  • Types of alopecia in women

There are several types of alopecia in women with different degrees of severity. The etiology is very heterogeneous, which makes its medical and aesthetic treatment vary greatly.

  • Female Androgenetic Alopecia ( Alopecia in women )

Androgenetic alopecia can occur in almost 50% of women, being more common in appearance with the arrival of menopause and the decrease in estrogen (female hormones). This type of alopecia mostly affects the upper area of the head, leaving the frontal hairline unchanged.

However, in very advanced cases it could even diffusely affect all hair. Making a diagnosis during the first symptoms of the disease manages, in the majority of cases, to stop the process of falling, increase the capillary density (the hair regains its usual thickness) and the regeneration of the lost hair.

  • Scarring alopecia

Scarring alopecia is characterized by the appearance of fibrous scar tissue where hair follicles existed before. The presence of these scars prevents normal hair growth. Alopecia in women Scarring alopecia can be congenital or acquired.

The main acquired causes are mechanical trauma (burns, surgeries, etc.), autoimmune conditions (lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, etc.), bacterial infections (folliculitis), fungal infections (ringworm), viral processes (shingles) and tumors.

Performing a trichological study and histological examination is essential to make a diagnosis.

  • Alopecia Areata

Alopecia in women Alopecia areata is characterized by the appearance of rounded plates of baldness in any part of the body, although the most common is its appearance in the scalp. Unlike other types of alopecia, the area affected by hair loss has a healthy appearance, without scaling, inflammation or redness.

Stress or certain conflicting situations can trigger the appearance of alopecia areata plaques, but they are not the origin of the disease. This disease is reversible, since the hair follicles have not been destroyed and are found under the skin.

The main diagnosis can be made through a trichological study, being necessary in some cases to take a biopsy or perform an immunological study. Sometimes it evolves to the type of universal alopecia.

  • Universal alopecia

Alopecia areata affects 2% of the poulation. In addition, it can be associated with many other conditions, such as thyroid disease, type 1 diabetes, allergies and asthma; and is similar to other dermatological diseases, such as eczema, psoriasis or vitiligo.

There is a genetic predisposition. Among the candidates for triggers or causes that stand out as the most likely are stress, viral infections and taking medications. In general, alopecia begins with a small rounded area or patch, which runs out of hair on the scalp.

This disease is unpredictable. Just as the hair suddenly disappears, it can grow back and even fall out again. The problem arises because the immune system attacks the hair follicle cells, which shrink and stop producing visible hair. Alopecia in women . However, the follicles remain active, so at any time, if they receive the proper signal, they could re-produce hair, even without treatment and having spent several years.

Waiting for this to happen, patients actively seek a cure. But neither stem cell therapy, growth factors, nor robotic hair transplants work for them. Unfortunately, there are currently no curative treatments.

  • Psychological factor of alopecia in women

In the case of female alopecia, the repercussions are almost always negative. Unlike men, society does not admit that a woman can remain bald and that is why the psychological repercussions are greater (isolation, depression ...).

Beautiful and leafy hair is valued as a sexual attribute of femininity. Losing hair is associated with menopause and loss of fertility. These women use hairstyles that slightly camouflage the low density of hair they have and that makes them stop going to swimming pools, beaches, gyms and socially retract.

  • Although the origin and pathogenesis of alopecia

Areata is of autoimmune etiology, the importance of psychological factors in the origin and perpetuation of this type of alopecia has been confirmed. Many patients tell an episode of acute stress when the medical history is performed.

Stress, derived from the loss of a job, a traumatic rupture or the death of a relative, could cause immunological alterations - then, from this weakness in the system that protects us, lymphocytes would attack the hair follicle. If we add to this that the image of the person is altered - with a negative evaluation of the change -,we will understand that many people are overwhelmed and without resources to intelligently manage the emotional impact that is derived from this scenarioAlopecia in women

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